This is the oldest and the most prestigious publication brought out by NCRB. The data for the report is collected by State Crime Records Bureaux (SCRBx) from the District Crime Records Bureaux (DCRBx) and sent to NCRB at the end of the year under reference. Data from mega-cities (cities having population of 10 lakh or more as per the latest census) is also collected separately. District-wise data on some IPC heads is collected and published separately. The first edition of 'Crime in India' pertains to the year 1953 and the latest edition of the report pertains to the year 2012.
The report contains comprehensive information on
(i) cases registered and their disposal and
(ii) persons arrested and their disposal
under major heads of Indian Penal Codes and Special and Local Laws. Further, age-group-wise and sex-wise details of persons arrested under these crime-heads are also available in the report. The report contains a chapter on crime against some vulnerable sections of the society - women, children, Scheduled Castes / Scheduled Tribes. The above crime data is presented in graphic / chart format, table format and map format.
An entire chapter has been devoted to police strength, expenditure and infrastructure. Similarly, information on police casualties and police firing & casualties is given in separate chapters to ensure adequate focus to these issues. Information on complaints against police personnel and custodial crimes has also been given in separate chapters. Continuous attempts have been made to keep pace with the requirements of the time. Thus, information on cyber crimes and human trafficking has been presented in different chapters. Data on economic crimes, recidivism and crime in railways has also been given in separate chapters. Information on kidnapping and abduction is presented in respect of total population, women & girls and children separately.
Data Generates Research and Decision Making:
The report is the only, and most comprehensive, databank available with the Government of India on the subject. The data contained in the report is used by policy makers, NGOs, researchers and public at large. Keeping in view the extensive, and increasing, dependence of various stakeholders on the information contained in the report, we have, on our own initiative, digitised all the editions of the report from 1953 to 2012 and made them available on our website.
Suggestions and Innovations:
While our achievements make us proud, they do not make us complacent. The presentation of the report has also been improved over the years. Thus, a good number of graphs and maps have been included in the report recently. We are open to improving the content and presentation of the report to make it more useful to the stakeholders. We welcome any suggestion(s) from users who may like to help us in our quest for excellence.